There are numerous types of Nootropics, and they are divided into different categories and families. For instance, Racetams and Ampakines are well-known nootropic families. All the nootropics work in their own unique way. In most cases, exactly how a nootropic works is still not clear.
Generally, nootropics modulate and influence different systems and chemicals in your brain. Most of these are related to Cholinergic, Glutamatergic, Dopamine and Serotonin systems. Here we have explained in brief how nootropic affects all these systems and by doing so, how it affects your overall brain health positively.
Acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter, which helps numerous cognitive functions of the brain, is the driving force of the cholinergic system. Acetylcholine plays a vital role in cognitive functions like attention, learning, memory, decision-making, etc. Usually, acetylcholine is derived from Choline based balance diet. However, since many individuals are facing Choline deficiency, it is good idea to add Choline supplements to your diet.
Nootropics belonging to racetam family work on a variety of different mechanisms, but specifically work to increase the levels of Acetylcholine. These nootropics are beneficial for synaptic plasticity and thus, helps individuals in understanding and retaining new information easily.
Glutamate is again a very strong neurotransmitter and it helps in maintaining overall health of the brain. In simple words, proper functioning of brain is depended on glutamate levels. Furthermore, decrease in glutamate levels is believed to be one of the core reasons for causing diseases like Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, ADHD, etc.
Both Racetams and Ampakines are known to stimulate glutamate levels by stimulating different receptors. Increase in Glutamate levels ensure increase in learning capacity and enhanced memory.
Dopamine and Serotonin systems:
Both Dopamine and Serotonin are such neurotransmitters, which affect your feelings and mood. Usually, no nootropics directly target these two neurotransmitters, but somehow they do affect their levels. As a result, individuals taking nootropic report that nootropic supplementation elevates their mood, give them a feel of motivation as well as enhance their memory and attention span.
To summarize, it can be said that how nootropic affects the above mentioned four neurotransmitters (Acetylcholine, Glutamate, Dopamine and Serotonin), gives a clear picture about how it exactly works. By taking nootropic supplementation, the levels of the said neurotransmitters are increased and thus, you are able to process, memorize, remember, reason, create and imagine information in a better way.
This means, nootropics works on the most basic level and enhance the connection and communication between different neurons and thus, boosts your cognitive abilities.