Peripheral vascular disease or PVD is the class of diseases of blood vessels outside your heart and brain. It happens when there’s a narrowing of vessels, responsible for carrying blood to the arms, stomach or kidneys, and legs.

  1. What are the types of peripheral vascular disease or PVD?

Peripheral Vascular Disease

Functional PVDs – are the types of peripheral vascular disease that do not involve the defects in blood vessels’ structure or when the blood vessels are not physically damaged. The symptom of these conditions is having spasms that come and go.

Organic PVDs – these are the PVDs that are caused by structural changes in your blood vessels such as inflammation and tissue damage. One good example is peripheral artery disease or PAD. It is caused by the fatty buildups or atherosclerosis in your arteries’ inner walls. These buildups block the blood flow.

  1. What are the symptoms of peripheral vascular disease or PVD?
  • A person with peripheral vascular disease or PVD may feel a certain discomfort or pain in their buttocks, thighs, or calves. This is depending on where the blockage is located. Some physicians can already identify the severity of the blockage on the amount of pain that the patient is feeling.
  • Another symptom one may find is when the toes start to turn into bluish color. Your feet will also feel cold and the pulse in the legs may even be weak. This is an indication of a serious case of person with peripheral vascular disease or PVD. These certain symptoms are due to the tissue in particular parts of the body dying. If not cured immediately, amputation may be advised.
  • An activity as simple as walking can sometimes cause leg cramps or intermittent claudication if you have peripheral vascular disease or PVD. The pain can even worsen if there is an increased activity. Intermittent claudication or leg cramps will go away with just a good amount of rest. You can also alleviate the pain with some medicines and cold temperatures.
  1. Who are susceptible to having peripheral vascular disease?
  • If the pain that you feel in your leg stops when you rest, then this is a good sign that your peripheral vascular disease is still treatable. However, you are still not advised to just ignore the pain. Once you feel the symptoms, go to the nearest hospital and let your physician formulate a list of possibilities.
  • A person who is young, active, and lives a healthy lifestyle, will most likely not have peripheral vascular disease. On the other hand, if a person is already more than 50 years old, a smoker or an ex-smoker, has diabetes, or is overweight, peripheral vascular disease will be one of the primary considerations.
  1. When you need to seek medical care?

Peripheral Vascular Disease

Once you see or feel the symptoms of peripheral vascular disease or PVD in one of your legs, foot, or even arm, it is advisable to immediately see your health care provider and get an evaluation. Although in general, having peripheral vascular disease may not be counted as an emergency, it is also something that you cannot just ignore. Getting a medical evaluation of the symptoms as well as the effective treatment will immediately prevent further damage in the heart and blood vessels. Moreover, it will prevent more drastic events, which includes stroke or heart attack. You can also get rid of the risk of losing of your toes and feet. In case you feel the symptoms of peripheral vascular disease, be sure to visit the nearest hospital emergency department.

  1. What are the self-care remedies that you can do at home?

Your physician will most likely recommend ways that you can do to reduce the risk factors for peripheral vascular disease such as:

  • Quit smoking
  • Exercise
  • Eat nutritious low-fat foods
  • Avoid foods high in cholesterol

If you want to learn more about peripheral vascular disease, don’t hesitate to visit Vascular and Interventional Centre.